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In 1924 a group of women sat down and resolved “…that skilled case work service to families in trouble…should be extended to operate at long distances and across frontiers…” For 90 years that resolution has stayed at the forefront of the ISS-USA mission.

1910’s: A Simple Idea Takes Shape
• 1914 (Stockholm): World’s YWCA resolves to study hardships of immigration
• 1914 Outbreak of WWI, resolution delayed
 

1920’s: An evidence based beginning to an international network
• 1920 (Switzerland) Standing Migration Committee formed to handle WWI displaced persons
• 1921 “The Welfare of Migrants” report published for International Emigration Commission of the ILO and widely   circulated
• 1924 International Headquarters of International Migration Service (now ISS) established in Geneva, ISS-USA incorporated in NYC in 1926
• 1924: U.S. Quota Act of 1924 comes into effect
• 1928 Great Depression Hits
 

1930s: Socio-Legal Cooperation
• ISS instrumental in aiding immigrants to understand the global effects of the depression
• Studies lead to ISS mission of ‘socio-legal’ cooperation
• 1939 ISS-USA begins finding homes for WWII refugee children
 

1940’s: A New Name, Same Best Practices
• Over 3500 British children placed in temporary U.S. homes
• Over 100,000 refugees resettled
• 1946 Name changed from International Migration Service to International Social Service
 

1950’s: The beginnings of Intercountry Adoption: A Child Centered Approach
• Family finding begins for the  children of U.S. service men born out of wedlock
• ISS studies of the effects of intercountry adoption begin
• Successfully advocated for the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
• ISS-USA develops procedures to assist with 1953 Refugee Relief Act
• 1955: U.S. government grants first subsidy to ISS-USA as a part of the orphan adoption program
 

1960’s: Building capacity and cooperating globally
• Medical social work unit added
• Strong participation in U.N. committees
• Assisted DOS and the Children’s Bureau in the recruitment and training of international caseworkers.
 

1970’s: Changing Refugee Resettlement practices and policies
• Sponsored a forum to focus on the special needs of unaccompanied refugee minors being resettled from Indochina as part of the United States refugee program.
• Created impetus to develop a Task Force on Unaccompanied Refugee Minors.
 

1980’s: Expanding the International Network
• ISS increases their role in U.S. & international child welfare organizations
• Advisory roles include State Department Advisory Committee on the Inter-American Convention on Adoption
• 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
 

1990’s: The Hague Takes Center Stage
• 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption
• 1994 U.S. signs the Hague Adoption Convention
• ISS-USA instrumental in understanding and carrying out Convention
• 1994 ISS-USA becomes part of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service
 

2000’s: The Mission Remains the Same
• 2004 ISS-USA re-established as an independent agency in Baltimore, Maryland
• ISS Federation grows to a network of agencies in 120 countries
• 2007 Arthur C. Helton Institute established

2010's:  Looking Back & Moving Forward
• 2010 ISS-USA Executive Director, Julie Rosicky, elected PAC Chair of ISS Federation
• 2011 Renewed 5 year Repatriation Cooperative Agreement
• 2013 Revamped agency's use of data and refocused effforts to improve outcomes through data-driven practice
• 2014 Celebrate 90 years of the ISS Federation